Did you know that there are more than 13,000 types of roses? Different types of roses have different suitable growth environments.
Select the Rose Species
When you’re choosing a rose species, you need to know what characteristics the place where you’re going to grow your roses has. Depending on the soil you can choose the most suitable rose species for planting. Also consider flower shape, size, and color when choosing. The varieties of roses are mainly divided into the following categories:
• The shape and color of hybrid roses are very beautiful, so they often appear in flower shops or party decoration bouquets.
• Bouquet roses are one of the most colorful varieties. Instead of just one bud on each plant, there will be many flowers on each bush.
• The big flower rose is a hybrid of hybrid rose and each plant. Climbing roses can wrap around fences and walls like vines.
• Climbing roses are compact and dense, making them ideal for growing in grow bags.
• Shrubs and landscape roses are relatively easy-to-raise varieties that are more resistant to pests and diseases. There is also a relatively rich selection of shapes, sizes, and colors.
• The tree rose is a variety that is grafted on long branches so that it looks like a tree. Tree roses require more careful care than other varieties.
Bare-Root or Potted Roses
Once you’ve decided which roses you want to grow, you also need to decide how you want to grow your roses. You can choose bare-root flower seedlings that are planted directly in the soil, or rose seedlings that have been planted in pot bags before transplanting them into the garden or another pot. You can find what you’re looking for at any nursery, or online if you’re looking to buy rare rose varieties:
• Bare-root roses should be planted in early spring so that they can grow new roots after the weather begins to warm.
• Potted roses should be kept indoors all winter and taken out when spring arrives.
Rose Gardening Supplies
In addition to rose seedlings, you will need some other gardening tools. You can buy these tools at community nurseries or online stores:
Hand Pruners. Pruning keeps roses in good shape, encourages bud formation, and keeps your bouquet in good shape. Pruning is important in the process of planting roses. You will need a small arc shear and a large pruning shear.
Gardening gloves. To prevent stabbing you will need a pair of thick gardening gloves.
Flower fertilizer. Fertilize roses several times each season. You can choose fertilizers specially designed for roses, or other types of flower fertilizers.
Cover soil: Covering rose buds with mulch will prevent pest infestations and provide roses with more nutrients. You can choose wood chips, pine needles, peat, or any other form of cover soil. Mix in the dirt with a rose mix that will help the roses grow better.
Shovels. These are used to dig soil when transplanting.
Choose Planting Area
The place must ensure 6 hours of sunlight per day. Don’t have too many other flowers and trees nearby. The soil is soft and well drained. If there is too much clay, you must loosen the soil and add some gypsum granules before planting.
• The optimum soil pH for rose growth is between 6.3 and 6.8.
• You can choose to check the drainage of the soil after a heavy rain. If the soil is moist but not waterlogged, then this place is a good choice.
• If you see a lot of standing water and mud puddles, you may need to find another spot or fix it up to make the soil more suitable for roses.
Add water to the rose seedlings before transplanting. If you want to plant bare-root seedlings, soak the seedlings in water for a few hours before transplanting. If you bought potted seedlings, water the seedlings thoroughly before moving to the bed.
Dig a large dirt hole. Every flower seedling needs a large soil pit. Use a shovel and shovel to dig a 50 cm square and 50 cm deep hole. The size does not have to be very precise, roughly this size of soil pit is suitable for transplanting roses. Mix the excavated soil with fertilizer and fill the soil back into the pit as a base. Add some bone meal or rose fertilizer.
• If you plan to plant more than one rose, be sure to keep the two bushes about half a meter apart so that there is enough room for the roots to stretch.
Transplant Flower Seedlings
Place the seedling on top of the base and use a shovel to fill the soil back into the hole. The buds on the flower seedlings should be about 5 cm below the ground. If the temperature where you live is relatively low, you can properly plant the flower seedlings deeper to ensure that the flower seedlings will not be damaged by the low temperature.
• If you are transplanting potted seedlings, remove the soil that sticks to the roots of the seedlings before transplanting.
• Make sure the soil around the flower roots is firm and you can remove air gaps by pressing with your hands.
Thoroughly water the area where you are transplanting seedlings, this will help the soil and flower roots adhere more tightly together and the seedlings will be more stable in the soil. Note that the soil must have good water permeability.
Cover the area where the seedlings will be transplanted. If you’re planting roses in pots, place mulch around the branches. This can help the flower seedlings to maintain the temperature (the suitable temperature for growth is 15-25℃), which is conducive to the growth in the early stage of transplanting.